The Composition of a Perfume, The Right Note Like a Symphony

Essential oils, by essence, are all about fragrances. Healing scents, seducing perfumes, wellbeing fragrances.

We can chose to be surounded by our own fragrance and one of a kind scent by creating our own perfume. And it’s easier than you think!

How can we create perfumes :

A Matter of Notes

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Head:

The head notes are extremely volatile, in other words, they will be smelled, captured by our olfactive system very fast. These head notes are very light volatile molecules such as fresh  lime, lemon or mandarine notes. They will not last for long but they do give you a hint as to what the scent is all about.

Heart:

The heart note reveals all its secrets once the head notes fade.  They are mainly flowery, fruity and spicy notes. They can last many hours and, thereafter, leave room for the fragrance of the bottom/base notes.

Bottom/Base

The bottom notes or base notes will enable the perfume to last and to stay on your clothes and skin. These can be for exemple Iris, Patchouli, Beeswax or Santal. Base notes by definition will last much longer thanks to their heavy olfactive composition.

Creating a perfume is like creating a piece of music. All the notes are beautiful individually but what is harder is making a beautiful compositon. 

One can create a natural perfume with essential oils and absolutes (we won’t suggest the option of synthetic fragrances as these are made with sometimes toxic chemicals. Furthermore, these substances will never reach the subtlety and quality of natural essences)

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 Perfumes can be created by adding essential oils to :

 An oily base :

To realize an oily perfume, chose a neutral vegetal oil such as jojoba oil for example. You can also give a scent orientation by chosing an already perfumed vegetal oil, such as plum oil (in fact the oil is extracted from the kernel of the plum).

A solid balm :

To realize a solid perfume, you will need to realize a balm with oil and butters (such as shea butter or mango butter) in which you will add a thickener like beeswax or carauba wax. This formula presents a huge benefit : it is easily transportable so it’s perfect for traveling !

 An alcohol base :

Basically, we buy most of our perfumes with an alcohol base.

But what is the difference between “perfumes”, “eau de parfums”, “eau de toilette” and “eau de cologne” ?

-A perfume will contain from 20% up to 40% of essential oils diluted in ethanol (alcohol), in this case the fragrance will hold a whole day….or even more.

– An « Eau de Parfum » will contain from 10 to 20% of essential oils in alcohol. This formula will hold for multiple hours.

-An « Eau de Toilette » will contain from 8 to 10% of essential oils in alcohol. This formula will hold for a couple of hours and is generally used more in summer for a lighter fragrance.

-An « Eau de Cologne or Mist » will contain less than 8% of essential oils in alcohol and water. This type of formula will hold the scent for one hour or so.

Don’t forget when composing your perfumes to always write down what you have used and in what percentage. This will make it a lot easier when you run out of your favourite and want to make some more!

 

 

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Lots of Love

The Spoiled Bee Xx

 

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